Some cases haven’t been so cut and dry. Mary Decker Slaney, for instance, won the 1,500 and 3,000 meters at the 1983 World Championships. However, at the 1996 Olympic Trials, where Decker qualified in the 5,000 meters, she received a positive drug test result, which she attributed to birth control pills. Her ban from competing in the Olympic Games that summer was upheld, but her career was only semi-tarnished. “She is still celebrated as the most famous woman in our sport and in ESPN’s ‘Nine for IX’ series they didn’t even mention her getting caught,” says Fleshman.